Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Conditional Sentences

Definition (Pengertian)

Conditional sentences atau kalimat conditional adalah kalimat yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang mungkin, bisa saja terjadi, dan berharap bisa terjadi. Kalimat ini biasanya menggunakan "if". Susunan kalimat ini terdiri atas dua komponen, yaitu "if clause" dan "main clause".

Conditional Sentence Types (Jenis-jenis Conditional Sentences)

Secara umum, conditional sentences memiliki tiga jenis/tiga tipe, yaitu:


Type
Usage  
If clause verb tense
Main clause verb tense
Type 1
A possible condition and its probable result
Simple present
Simple future
Type 2
A hypothetical condition and its probable result
Simple past
Present conditional or Present continuous conditional
Type 3
An unreal past condition and its probable result in the past
Past perfect
Perfect conditional



Contoh Penggunaan Conditional Sentences:
Type 1
If clause
Main clause
If + simple present
simple future
If you study hard
You will pass the exam
If you come to your grandma
She will be very excited
If you trust him
You will regret

Type 2
If clause
Main clause
If + simple past          
present conditional or present continuous conditional
If you didn’t tell a lie
He wouldn’t be angry
If you came late
You would lose many thing
If you were lazy
I would not give you presents

Type 3
If clause
Main clause
If + past perfect
perfect conditional or perfect continuous conditional
If you had studied very hard
you would have accepted in this campus
If you had taken your job
You would have earned money
If you had had a membership card
You would not have paid too expensive


Itulah rangkuman singkat tentang conditional sentences, tunggu penjelasan lebih detail per type nya. Thanks for reading.. ^^

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